TRANSLATIONAL PARALLEL MECHANISM
The invention consists of a parallel translation mechanism to create industrial robots intended for the movement and positioning of objects in space by means of a gripping element, as well as the technical sector relating to measuring machines, haptic devices, joystics and 3D printers.
The invention refers to a particular translation parallel mechanism (TPM), not overconstrained, with all the actuators on the frame. TPMs are used alone and/or together with other mechanisms to manufacture industrial robots (or other devices/machines of commercial interest) both with 3 degrees of freedom, for generating spatial translations, and with 4 degrees of freedom, for generating 3T1R motions of SCARA type (pick-and-place on a work surface and/or assembly). The mechanism consists of two rigid bodies, one mobile (platform) and the other fixed (base or frame) connected in parallel via 3 kinematic chains (legs) of URU type. This translational 3-URU architecture is different from the other 3-URUs, since it has the actuators on the base even though the actuated joints are not on the base, and it has a particular geometry. This allows a substantial reduction of the mobile masses, thus promising good dynamic performances, and makes the remaining part of the limbs simple kinematic chains containing only passive revolute pairs.
- High performance industrial pick-and-place manipulators;
- CNC machine tools;
- Measuring machines;
- 3D printers;
- Balanced platforms for the placement of objects.
- Higher performances with lower construction complexity;
- Optimal load redistribution among the legs and a further reduction of the mobile masses;
- Non-overconstrained architecture;
- Lower manufacturing and assembly costs.