Politecnico di Torino - Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24 - 10129 Torino, ITALY

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ComplianceDinamica passivaHeel-strikeLocomotionLocomozionePassive dynamicsProtesiRobotica indossabileRoboticsWearable robotics


This invention consists in a flexible sensorised footsole for lower limb orthotic/prosthetic devices or humanoid robots. Its purpose is to exploit its flexibility to replicate a more human-like gait, absorb the shock of the impact felt during the landing phase and/or adapt accordingly with any interaction with the environment or the wearer in case of a wearable robot. The sole is also sensorised to measure the interaction force.

Technical features

The footsole is made of three rigid segments (heel, center, tip) connected through armonic steel – made leaf springs. The springs are constrained to deflect on a curved surface such that the active length of the spring shortens for a growing deflection angle between the central segment and the heel or the tip thanks to an appropriate profile of the housing. This allows for a stiffening of the two joints for growing deflection to avoid the joint to reach the end-stop during normal walking conditions. Strain gauges are glued onto the leaf springs to measure the force/torque exerted on the foot and estimate the deflection angle. The ankle flexion/extension is implemented through another leaf spring. The sole uses a ”zero” angle selector that is used to set the no load ankle flexion/extension position of the footsole.

Possible Applications

  • Wearable robotics;
  • Humanoid robots;
  • Orthoses;
  • Prostheses.


  • Natural walking;
  • Flexibility;
  • Sensorised footsole;
  • Absorption of impacts.