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LECCIANA: high-density olive culture

Olive cultivarolive oilolive treeSuper High-Density Orchard

Introduction

In the last four decades, Italian breeding work has actually produced only two new, patented varieties proposed for very high density plants (super-intensive,> 1,200 trees per hectare), but both have shown limitations. Lecciana is the first go of Italian origin suitable for the cultivation of olives in super-intensive plants, possessing both vegetative and reproductive parameters that meet the required model, and allows the production of healthy extra virgin olive oil, with full economic and environmental sustainability.

Technical features

The LECCIANA olive oil cultivar has peculiar vegetative and productive characteristics that make it suitable for very high density olive growing (> 1,200 trees per hectare) and, therefore, for continuous mechanical harvesting, such as: medium-low vigor; erect posture and good density foliage; entry into early production (3rd year); low damage to mechanical harvesting fruits (1%); limited damage to the branches (1%). Furthermore, Lecciana has low gynosterility (4%); high fruit set (5%); good fruit size (3.5 g); high productivity per tree (5-6 kg); good oil content (12-14%); medium-low sensitivity to the fly; excellent resistance to frost. Lecciana was obtained in 1998 through clonal selection of seedlings with an Italian parent, the result of an international research agreement with Agromillora Research S.L.

Possible Applications

  • Olive cultivar for super high-density olive orchards (SHD);
  • Production of Made in Italy extra virgin olive oils;
  • Production of certified nutraceutical olive oils, applying the specific EFSA health claim (Reg. EU 432/2012).

Advantages

  • LECCIANA yields nutraceutical extra virgin olive oils with a costs reduction of 50% with respect to the best intensive olive orchards (economic sustainability).
  • LECCIANA  reduces of 20% the water footprint with respect to traditional rainfed olive orchards (environmental sustainability).